Terminology

Terminology

 

Opening and closing ceremony terminology
Chariot – Come to Attention
 Sam Cho Ki Bae Rae – Show respect for the Flags of our Country
This is done by placing the right hand over your heart
 Ba Ro – Return to Attention bringing the hand down to your side
 Anjo – Command to Sit (optional)
 Muk Nyum – Meditation
 Ba Ro – Stand up from Meditation (Return to Attention)
 Chariot, Sah Bom Nim, Get Kyung Yet
Come to Attention & Bow to the Master Instructor

 

General Terminology:

Tang Soo Do – Name of the art we study
Moo Duk Kwan – Name of the style/organisation
Soo Bahk Do – Ancient name of the martial art in Korea
Kwan Jang Nim – Chief instructor
Sah Bum Nim – Qualified instructor from 4th Dan upwards
Kyo Sa Nim – Assistant instructor as appointed
Ban Jang – Prefect
Nim – A term of respect similar to ‘sir’
Sun Beh – Senior member
Hu Beh – Junior member
Dan – Degree, holder of midnight blue belt
Gup – Grade, holder of colour belt under midnight blue
Ko Dan Ja – Senior Dan holder
You Dan Ja – Dan holder
You Gup Ja – Gup holder
Kwan Won – Student member
Cho Bo Ja – Beginner
Kam Sa Hap Ni Da – Thank you
Do Jang – Training Hall
Do Balk – Training uniform
Dee – Belt
Kuk Gi – National flag
Kwan Gi – Organisation flag
Shim Kung – Spiritual Power or control in exercise
Neh Kung – Internal power or control in exercise
Weh Kung – External power or control in exercise
Kee Cho – Basic
Hyung – Form
Dae Ryun – Sparring
Ho Sin Sul – Self-defence
Kyok Pa – Breaking techniques
Soo Kee – Hand techniques
O Rin Jok – Right
Wen Jok – Left

Basic Stances (Gi Cho Jaseh):

Chun Bi Jaseh – Ready stance
Chun Gool Jaseh – Front stance
Hu Gul Jaseh – Back stance
Chwe Ha Dan Jaseh – Low back stance
Kee Mahk Jaseh – Horse stance
Sa Goh Rip Jaseh – Side stance
Bal Bul Ri Go Mao Sogi Jaseh – Duck Foot Stance

 

Commands In Training:

Cha Ryut – Attention
Kyung Yet – Bow
Chun Bi – Ready Stance
Shi-Jak – Begin
Ku Ryung – Count
Ku Ryung Ae Mat Cho So – By the count
Ku Ryung Op Shi – Without count
Ba-ro – Return
Shio – Relax
Tora – Turn
Dwee Ro Tora – Turn to rear
Bal Cha Kee Chun Bi – Ready for kick

 

Counting:

Ha-na – One
Tul – Two
Set – Three
Net – Four
Ta-sot – Five
Yo-sot – Six
Il-gop – Seven
Yo-dol – Eight
A-hop – Nine
Yol – Ten

 

Listing:

Il – First
Ee – Second
Sam – Third
Sa – Fourth
Oh – Fifth
Yuk – Sixth
Chil – Seventh
Pahl – Eighth
Ku – Ninth
Ship – Tenth

 

Cha Gi Foot techniques

Mahk Kee – Block
Kong Kyuk – Attack
Ha Dan – Low section
Joong Dan – Middle section
Sang Dan – High section
Cha Gi – Kick
Ki-hap – Shout/yell
Shi Sun – Focus of eyes
Jung Shim – Balance

 

Basic Hand Movements:

Blocks – Executed in front stance unless otherwise stated
Ha Dan Mahk Kee – Low Block
Sang Dan Mahk Kee – High Block

 

Attacks:

Choong Dan Kong Kyuk – Middle punch front stance
Sang Dan Kong Kyuk – High punch front stance
Wheng Jin Kong Kyuk – Side punch(side) horse stance

 

Basic Leg Movements:

Ahp Cha Gi – Front kick
Ahp Podo Cha Gi – Front snap kick
Ahp Mee Ro Cha Gi – Front pushing kick
Yup Cha Gi – Side kick
Yup Podo Cha Gi – Side snap kick
Dull Ryo Cha Gi – Round-house kick
Ahneso Phaku Ro Cha Gi – Circular inside to outside kick
E Dan – Jumping (all jumping kicks start with this term)

 

Sparring (Deh Ryun):

IL Soo Shik Dae Ryun – One step sparring
Ja Yu Dae Ryun – Free sparring

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